Dental root fractures are types of injuries that can affect the integrity and function of a tooth. Recognizing what causes dental root fractures and how to manage them is crucial for maintaining oral health.

What are Dental Root Fractures?

A dental root fracture is a crack or break that occurs in the root of a tooth, below the gumline. These fractures can be challenging to diagnose and treat because they are not always visible to the naked eye and often require advanced imaging techniques.

Types of Root Fractures

Horizontal Root Fractures

These fractures run horizontally across the root and can be classified as coronal (near the crown), middle, or apical (near the tip of the root).

Vertical Root Fractures

These fractures extend vertically from the crown down the root of the tooth. Vertical root fractures often split the tooth and its root, which can result in extensive damage.

Causes of Dental Root Fractures

Trauma or Injury

A sudden impact to the mouth, such as sports collision or accident, can cause a root fracture. The force of the impact can crack the tooth and damage the root.

Biting Hard Objects

Chewing on hard foods or objects like ice, nuts, or hard candy can exert excessive pressure on the teeth, leading to fractures.

Weakening from Previous Dental Work

After extensive dental procedures, such as large fillings or root canals, teeth can be more prone to fractures due to weakened structural integrity.

If you suspect a dental root fracture, seek emergency dental care to assess the damage and explore appropriate treatment options to preserve your oral health.

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